This goal is about reducing our impact on the planet by only producing and consuming what we need.

Why does SDG5 matter to Timor-Leste?

Relevant Target for

12.1 implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on sustainable consumption and production (10YFP), all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

12.2 by 2030 achieve sustainable management and EFFICIENT USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES

12.3 by 2030 halve per capita global FOOD WASTE at the retail and consumer level, and reduce food losses along production and supply chains including post-harvest losses

12.4 by 2020 achieve environmentally SOUNDMANAGEMENT OF CHEMICALS AND ALL WASTES throughout their life cycle in accordance with agreed international frameworks and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

12.5 by 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, REDUCTION, RECYCLING, AND REUSE

12.6 encourage companies, especially large and trans- national companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

12.8 by 2030 ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and AWARENESS for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

12.a Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

12.b develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for SUSTAINABLE TOURISM WHICH CREATES JOBS, PROMOTES LOCAL CULTURE AND PRODUCTS

12.c Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

Local and regional governments can support short supply chains, thereby reducing transport and carbon emissions, through land management, infrastructure, urban planning, education and training, and public markets.

We have a particular role to play in fostering the sustainable consumption and production of energy and water, which we can do using a wide variety of tools, from urban planning to the use of block unit pricing mechanisms.

As consumers of goods and services, local and regional governments can establish procurement criteria that take waste and carbon emissions from potential providers into account.

As the level of government closest to the people, we are well-placed to raise citizens’ awareness of the importance of sustainable production and consumption and to equip them with the knowledge and tools to reduce their environmental footprint.

Local and regional governments should be key partners in developing and implementing tools to monitor the impact of tourism in our jurisdictions, and in working to make sure tourism creates jobs and promotes local culture while limiting waste and carbon emissions.


  • Financing for Development
  • Beijing +20
  • Habitat III