This goal is about putting cities at the heart of sustainable development in an urbanizing world

Why does SDG11 matter to Timor-Leste?

Relevant Target for

11.1 by 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable HOUSING AND BASIC SERVICES, and upgrade slums

11.2 by 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding PUBLIC TRANSPORT, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons

11.3 by 2030 enhance inclusive and sustainable URBANIZATION and capacities for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement PLANNING and management in all countries

11.4 strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE

11.5 by 2030 significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of affected people and decrease by y% the economic losses relative to GDP caused by disasters, including water-related DISASTERS, with the focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations

11.6 by 2030, reduce the adverse per capita ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CITIES, including by paying special attention to AIR QUALITY, municipal and other WASTE MANAGEMENT

11.7 by 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, GREEN AND PUBLIC SPACES, particularly for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

11.a Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

11.b By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels

11.c Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

Ensuring access to clean water and sanitation is usually a responsibility of local governments, and relies on effective local governance, natural resource management, and urban planning.

The challenges involved can vary hugely at sub-national level, particularly between urban and rural areas.

In urban areas, the main challenge is often a lack of access to basic services in informal settlements, or high prices and a lack of quality control of water from private vendors. In rural areas, water may be free, but it may involve long journeys to and from the source, and may be contaminated.

Local governments have a role to play in improving water quality through environmental protection measures and sustainable solid waste management.

Integrated water resources management requires horizontal cooperation in planning and environmental policy between municipalities and regions across borders. Local governments are ideally placed to support participatory management of water and sanitation by communities, including slum-dwellers.


• Financing for Development

• Beijing +20

• Habitat III

• Climate Change