This goal is about reducing the gap between the richest and the poorest

Why does SDG10 matter to Timor-Leste?

Relevant Target for

10.1 by 2030 progressively achieve and sustain INCOME GROWTH OF THE BOTTOM 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average

10.2 by 2030 empower and promote the SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL INCLUSION of all irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

10.3 ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including through ELIMINATING DISCRIMINATORY LAWS, POLICIES AND PRACTICES and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions in this regard

10.4 adopt policies especially FISCAL, WAGE, AND SOCIAL PROTECTION POLICIES and progressively achieve greater equality

10.5 improve regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen implementation of such regulations

10.6 ensure enhanced representation and voice of developing countries in decision making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions

10.7 facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible MIGRATION and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
10.a Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
10.b Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
10.c By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

UN Member States have recognized that rising inequalities within and among countries and enormous disparities of opportunity, wealth and power are immense challenges confronting the world today. SDG 10 aims to combat inequalities within and among countries. In the 2030 Agenda, UN Member States have committed to achieving more inclusive economies and societies where wealth is shared and all forms of discrimination are eliminated. In its 2017 Roadmap for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs, Timor-Leste recognizes growing inequality in the country. The Roadmap identifies inequality as one of the root causes and drivers of fragility. The Roadmap call for a focus on remote rural communities as these lag the furthest behind in development, as well as specific attention to urban slums and specific populations, including women and girls, persons with disabilities, youth and the elderly. Inclusion is identified as a key enabler for progress in sustainable development.

Data from the Census 2015 provides evidence of inequalities in Timor-Leste. For instance, there are large disparities between urban and rural communities related to water and sanitation. Twenty (20) % of the urban population has access to water that is managed safely, as compared to less than 2% of those living in urban areas. Sixty (60) % of the urban population has access to safely managed sanitation, compared to 19% of rural communities. As to the situation of persons with disabilities in education, the 2015 Census found that less than half (44%) of youth aged 15-24 years with disabilities have ever attended school. This is half the rate (87%) of their peers without disabilities. The Education Monograph shows that youth with disabilities who entered school have a higher dropout rate than their peers: two thirds (66%) did not enter secondary school, compared to half (51%) of youth who do not have a disability. Only 32% of youth with disabilities were literate in at least one of the four main languages used in Timor-Leste (Tetun, Indonesian, Portuguese, or English) versus 84% of youth without disabilities. Young women with disabilities had lower literacy rates (27%) than young men with disabilities (36%).

The United Nations in Timor-Leste is supporting Timor-Leste to address inequalities. The UN implements, with partners, various programmes targeting persons living in rural areas, and specific groups at risk of or current left behind, including women, children, youth, persons with disabilities and the lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgender and intersex community.


  • Financing for Development
  • Beijing +20
  • Habitat III